Arijit Bhattacharyya

Tribes and races who are more developed than humans - puranas

Puranas have clearly described that there are many tribes and races who are more developed than humans.
The term Vanara can also be described as forest-dweller (vane carati iti vanara). So, this must a special species and described as group of monkey-like humanoids.
The epic Mahabharata describes them as forest-dwelling, and mentions their being encountered by Sahadeva, a Pandava brother, who led a military campaign to south part of India. Infact, Vanaras were genetically engineered from multiple species.
Kishkinda-Kanda of Ramayana indicates that Sugreeva ordered all subraces of Vanaras from all over the world to assemble in his capital. They were divided into 4 teams and sent into 4 different directions to search for Seetha/ sita, who was kidnapped by Ravana. Within few days, almost 2 crores (20 million) Vanaras assembled in Kishkinda and later they all of them marched on Rama Sethuto reach Lanka and fight a war for 7 days, 7 nights with Ravana’s army.

"Let monkey-shaped progeny equalling Vishnu’s valour be procreated from the physiques of prominent apsara-s and gandharva-s, from the girls of yaksha-s and pannaga-s, and also thus from the bodies of kinnaraa-s, she-vidyaadharaa-s, she-riksha-s and she-monkeys, and they shall be wizards of miracles and audacious ones, in travel they shall have air’s speed, bestowed with intellect they shall be the knowers of ideation, and with their divine physique they shall be ineliminable, they shall be endowed with all the assaultive aspects of all missiles, and they shall be untiring in their efforts, like you who thrive on amrita, the ambrosia, unmindful of thirst and hunger. "

Vanaras, Kimpurushas were among such advanced races. Jambavan has witnessed many avatars(incarnations) like Trivikrama (Wamana), Rama and Krishna. The description by Valmiki in Ramanaya suggests that Jambavan was a very sturdy and strong fighter. He looked like a strong blackman who had thick hair allover his body.
Valmiki describes Jambavantha race in Yuddha Kanda of Ramayana. "Those giants who appear like black clouds or black collyrium with body full of hairs"
When Rama decided to leave his human body on earth, Sugreeva made Angada as king of Kishkinda and reached Ayodhya along with many other Vanaras.
Vanaras wanted to follow Rama, and exit from the mortal world. Hearing the words of the Vanaras, Rama agreed to fulfil their wishes. He tells Hanuman, “It is settled that you shall live forever. As long as my history is spoken in this world, you will also be praised“.
Hanuman was delighted, and said, "As long as the sacred theme (Ramayana) is present in this world, I shall live here, carrying out your command." Hanuman tells Jambavan, Mainda, Dwivida and other Vanaras: "You all will continue to live."
Thus, Sugriva and other Vanaras departed the Earth along with Rama.
Hanuman, Mainda, Jambavan, Dwivida, and five other Vanaras (including Nila and Nala), were supposed to continue living. Out of these, Dwivida was killed by Balarama, the brother of lord Krishna. Jambavan survived to fulfill his desire to fight Rama (as Krishna) and offered his daughter Jmbavati as wife to Krishna.
Hanuman continued to live and also met Bheema (His blood brother from lord of Air - Pavan dev) , Arjuna during their forest exile period. In another story, I'll describe how Arjuna travelled to Indraloka and when he travels back in mortal world after the education his age became completely lower than the other mortals. This only happens if someone travels through time and dimension.


Jambavan has witnessed many avatars(incarnations) like Trivikrama (Wamana), Rama and Krishna. Jambavan was always depicted as in reality, Riksha means a star and the sanskrit word, ‘Antariksha‘ (अन्तरिक्ष, which means ‘space between the stars‘) is derived from it. Jambavan is not an actual bear because he had a daughter named Jambavathi, whom he got married with Lord SriKrishna. Jambavathi went onto become one of the queens of Dwaraka and she had a son with Krishna, named Samba.
This Samba was the only successor of Krishna (after krishna’s demise) and his son Vajranabha constructed the present Krishna temple in dwaraka. Bhagavata Purana describes a 28 day fight between Jambavantha and Krishna for ‘Syamantakamani‘ (A diamond which is said to have been cut into multiple pieces later and one such piece is the famous Kohinoor which was found in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh, India. This was later taken by Mughal emperors and then got exported to London during british rule in India). It was on the 28th day that Jambavan realized that Krishna is avatar of Vishnu, who inturn in Lord Rama.
So he withdrew from battle and offered him the diamond.
Vanaras were found to have existed in Egypt (23rd century BCE), which is just 900 years post Kurukshetra war. Vanaras in Temple of Hathor, Dendera, Egypt 2250 BCE. Temple of Hathor at Dendera, built by Pharaoh Pepi I ca. 2250 BCE has carvings of Vanaras (as described in Valmiki Ramanaya), snakes, eagles, dogs, hippos with human bodies. Evidences prove ths temple’s existence since 1500 BCE.
It is historically called as the Temple of Tentyra. It has been modified on the same site during the Middle Kingdom (2030 – 1650 BCE), and continuing right up until the time of the Roman emperor Trajan. There are numerous structures and elements in this temple, but the most striking are Vanaras (monkey faced humans with tails as in Ramayana).
Ramayana, the first poem in this world, composed by Valmiki, describes that Lord Brahma, the creator, ordered devas to send their energies to earth and few new races like Vanaras, Rikshas (Jambavan was Riksha-Raja) were created by mixing genetic material of celestial beings.
They had mighty physiques and super-human power+stamina to fight long wars. Few must have arrived from Egypt too. Or few survivors of war must have settled there and continued their race for some time. Many such carvings prove that people travelled between India and Egypt for more than 4000 years.



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Arijit Bhattacharyya